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The 7 Kings of Saudi Arabia. Collectible Portrait Art Wrist Watch Set in Leather Display Case.

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40 mm large format heavy brass case

Premium Citizen 2040 quartz movement

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The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's head of state and absolute monarch (i.e. head of government). He serves as the head of the Saudi monarchy —House of Saud. The King is called the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (خادم الحرمين الشريفين). The title, which signifies Saudi Arabia's jurisdiction over the mosques of Masjid al Haram in Mecca and Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, replaced His Majesty (صاحب الجلالة) in 1986.

History

King Abdulaziz (also known as Ibn Saud) began conquering today's Saudi Arabia in 1902, by restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh. He then proceeded to conquer first the Nejd (1922) and then the Hejaz (1925). He progressed from Sultan of Nejd, to King of Hejaz and Nejd, and finally to King of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

Succession

The kings since Ibn Saud's death have all been his sons, and all likely immediate successors to the reigning King Salman will be from his progeny. Sons of Ibn Saud are considered to have primary claim on the throne of Saudi Arabia. This makes the Saudi monarchy quite distinct from Western monarchies, which usually feature large, clearly defined royal families and orders of succession. The current Crown Prince is the first grandson of Ibn Saud to be in the line of succession.

Legal position

Saudi Arabia is ruled by Islamic law (Sharia) and purports to be an Islamic state, but many Muslims see a hereditary monarchy as being a discouraged system of government in Islam.

Other functions

The King of Saudi Arabia is also considered the Head of the House of Saud and Prime Minister. The Crown Prince is also the "Deputy Prime Minister". The kings after Faisal have named a "second Deputy Prime Minister" as the subsequent heir after the Crown Prince.

Kings of Saudi Arabia (1932–present)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Abdulaziz
  • Ibn Saud
  • عبد العزيز
26 November 1876 – 9 November 1953 (aged 76)22 September 19329 November 1953Son of Abdul Rahman bin Faisal and Sarah Al SudairiSaudIbn Saud of Saudi Arabia
Saud
  • سعود
12 January 1902 – 23 February 1969(aged 67)9 November 19532 November 1964
(deposed.)
Son of Ibn Saud and Wadhah bint Muhammad bin 'AqabSaudSaud of Saudi Arabia
Faisal
  • فيصل
14 April 1906 – 25 March 1975(aged 68)2 November 196425 March 1975
(assassinated.)
Son of Ibn Saud and Tarfa bint Abduallah bin Abdulateef al SheekhSaudFaisal of Saudi Arabia
Khalid
  • خالد
13 February 1913 – 13 June 1982 (aged 69)25 March 197513 June 1982Son of Ibn Saud and Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin JiluwiSaudKhalid of Saudi Arabia
Fahd
  • فهد
16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005 (aged 84)13 June 19821 August 2005Son of Ibn Saud and Hassa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaudFahd of Saudi Arabia
Abdullah
  • عبد الله
1 August 1924 – 23 January 2015 (aged 90)1 August 200523 January 2015Son of Ibn Saud and Fahda bint Asi Al ShuraimSaudAbdullah of Saudi Arabia
Salman
  • سلمان
31 December 1935 (age 81)23 January 2015IncumbentSon of Ibn Saud and Hassa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaudSalman of Saudi Arabia

Current heirs-presumptive

Timeline[edit]

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Royal Standard

The Royal Standard consists of a green flag, with an Arabic inscription and a sword featured in white, and with the national emblem embroidered in gold in the lower right canton.

Royal Standard of the King

The script on the flag is written in the Thuluth script. It is the shahada or Islamic declaration of faith:

لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله
lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh, muhammadun rasūlu-llāh
There is no other god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God
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