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The rebab Arabic الربابة or ربابة also known as جوزه "joza" or "jawza" in Iraq, also rebap, rabab, rebeb, rababa, rabeba, al-rabeba or al-rababa) is a type of a bowed string instrument so named no later than the 8th century and spread via Islamic trading routes over much of North Africa, the Middle East, parts of Europe, and the Far East. The bowed variety often has a spike at the bottom to rest on the ground, and is thus called a spike fiddle in certain areas, but plucked versions like the kabuli rebab (sometimes referred to as the robab or rubab) also exist. Furthermore, besides the spike fiddle variant, there also exists a variant with a pear-shaped body, quite similar to the Byzantine lyra and the Cretan lyra. This latter variant travelled to western Europe in the 11th century, and became the rebec.
It usually consists of a small, usually rounded body, the front of which is covered in a membrane such as parchment or sheepskin and has a long neck attached. There is a long thin neck with a pegbox at the end and there are one, two or three strings. There is no fingerboard. The instrument is held upright, either resting on the lap or on the floor. The bow is usually more curved than that of the violin.
The Punjabi Rabab is a lute instrument very similar to the Afgan rabab and has its origin in Punjab. It is a stringed instrument and has been in existence since the 8th century.
It has a bowl-shaped body carved out of wood. Body is enclosed in a membrane made of parchment from a cow bladder. It may consist of 4,5 or 6 main strings. Sympathetic strings might sometimes be present. The head of the instrument is carved out from an animal skin and the strings are either made from gut.
Depending upon the region and variation, it has various names such as: Kabuli rebab, Seni rebab, rubab, rebap, rabab, rebeb, rababah, or al-rababa. The sound of Rabab can be identified easily due to its rich thick sound and correct sequence of high and low tones.
Rabab holds a great religious significance amongst the Sikhs as it was played by Bhai Mardana, a companion of Guru Nanak Dev and hence he is also known as Rubabi. It is widely used by Namdharis in their performances.
Punjabi Rabab we are providing here is Natural colored Rebab. It has been crafted out from Tun Wood. A Plectrum has been included for playing the same.
Our high end & best quality Rababs are for professional musicians. These meet the highest requirements. They are crafted according to the traditional art of instrument-making. These instruments produce brilliant sound qualities and their craftsmanship and high-grade design make them instruments for life.
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